What is Singularity?
Singularity – The technological singularity is a hypothetical future point in time at which technological growth becomes uncontrollable and irreversible, resulting in unfathomable changes to human civilization.
Singularity is a mathematical term used in many different contexts. In technology, specifically in the domain of artificial intelligence, this term has a far-reaching philosophical, social, and technological impact that will shape the future of humanity and the direction of technological advancement.
The Singularity will mark the moment when artificial intelligence becomes smarter than humans Wikipedia defines it:
The technological singularity (or the singularity) is the hypothesis that the invention of artificial superintelligence (ASI) will abruptly trigger runaway technological growth, resulting in unfathomable changes to human civilization. According to this hypothesis, an upgradable intelligent agent (such as a computer running software-based artificial general intelligence) would enter a “runaway reaction” of self-improvement cycles, with each new and more intelligent generation appearing more and more rapidly, causing an intelligence explosion and resulting in a powerful superintelligence that would, qualitatively, far surpass all human intelligence.
With the advent of t is a hypothetical point in time at which technological growth becomes uncontrollable and irreversible, resulting in unforeseeable changes to human civilization. According to the most popular version of the singularity hypothesis, called intelligence explosion, an upgradable intelligent agent will eventually enter a “runaway reaction” of self-improvement cycles, each new and more intelligent generation appearing more and more rapidly, causing an “explosion” in intelligence and resulting in a powerful superintelligence that qualitatively far surpasses all human intelligence.
The first use of the concept of a “singularity” in the technological context was John von Neumann. Stanislaw Ulam reports a discussion with von Neumann “centered on the accelerating progress of technology and changes in the mode of human life, which gives the appearance of approaching some essential singularity in the history of the race beyond which human affairs, as we know them, could not continue”. Subsequent authors have echoed this viewpoint.
I. J. Good‘s “intelligence explosion” model predicts that a future superintelligence will trigger a singularity.
The concept and the term “singularity” were popularized by Vernor Vinge in his 1993 essay The Coming Technological Singularity, in which he wrote that it would signal the end of the human era, as the new superintelligence would continue to upgrade itself and would advance technologically at an incomprehensible rate. He wrote that he would be surprised if it occurred before 2005 or after 2030.
Public figures such as Stephen Hawking and Elon Musk have expressed concern that full artificial intelligence (AI) could result in human extinction. The consequences of the singularity and its potential benefit or harm to the human race have been intensely debated.
Techniques like Generative adversarial networks, such as possibilities of AI Apocalypse do not seem impossible. The problem becomes more complex when many emerging disruptive technologies like quantum computing, AR/VR, Blockchain, 3D/4D printing ensemble, and work in a manner not yet conceived by the human mind.